BRLF attempts to support its partner CSOs in projects that primarily focus on building sustainable livelihoods through improved agriculture, animal husbandry, fisheries and forestry. CSO partners also work on land and water resource development, local community institution building, better implementation of social security schemes, capacity building of panchayati raj institutions and community based organizations for enhanced participation, common property resources, value chain development in agriculture and allied sectors and skill development of rural youth, other government functionaries.
Other thematic focal areas of BRLF are integrated habitat improvement, food and nutrition security, capacity building of stakeholders, and knowledge development/research that facilitates and fosters sustainable livelihoods in the Central Indian Tribal belt.
BRLF has also undertaken various unique initiatives on certain pressing issues in the rural areas of India which affect the livelihoods of the rural population immensely. These are known as the flagship initiatives of BRLF.