The Springs of Life and Livelihoods

Mountain springs are a major source of water supply for rural households in the Himalayan region. Of the 5 million springs in India, about 3 million are in the Himalayas[i]. However, spring water supply has increasingly become uncertain in recent times due to several reasons such as impact of climate change and anthropogenic agents such as change in land use, increased demand, and ecological degradation. Some of these change agents impact the rainfall pattern leading to high intensity rainfall with reduced spread. This naturally leads to increased runoff and reduced capture as ground water.